The reality of most large scale data deployments includes storage decoupled from computation, pipelines operating directly on files and metadata services with no locking mechanisms or transaction tracking. For this reason attempts at achieving transactional behavior, snapshot isolation, safe schema evolution or performant support for CRUD operations has always been marred with tradeoffs. This talk will focus on technical aspects, practical capabilities and the potential future of three table formats that have emerged in recent years as solutions to the issues mentioned above – ACID ORC (in Hive 3.x), Iceberg and Delta Lake. To provide a richer context, a comparison between traditional databases and big data tools as well as an overview of the reasons for the current state of affairs will be included. After the talk, the audience is expected to have a clear understanding of the current development trends in large scale table formats, on the conceptual and practical level. This should allow the attendees to make better informed assessments about which approaches to data warehousing, metadata management and data pipelining they should adapt in their organizations.
Michal Gancarski holds a degree in mathematics and economics from the University of London. He has been a professional software/data engineer for over seven years, gaining experience both in startups and in larger companies. Working at Zalando since 2016, he has helped to build some of the core components of company's data lake and its auxiliary services.