Spark

Apache Spark is a powerful open source processing engine built around speed, ease of use, and sophisticated analytics. It was originally developed at UC Berkeley in 2009.

The largest open source project in data processing.

Since its release, Spark has seen rapid adoption by enterprises across a wide range of industries. Internet powerhouses such as Yahoo, Baidu, and Tencent, have eagerly deployed Spark at massive scale, collectively processing multiple petabytes of data on clusters of over 8,000 nodes. It has quickly become the largest open source community in big data, with over 750 contributors from 200+ organizations.

The creators of Spark founded Databricks in 2013.

Databricks continues to grow the Spark project by contributing broadly, with both roadmap development and community evangelism.

“At Databricks, we’re working hard to make Spark easier to use and run than ever, through our efforts on both the Spark codebase and support materials around it. All of our work on Spark is open source and goes directly to Apache.”

Matei Zaharia, VP, Apache Spark,
Founder & CTO, Databricks

Spark Ecosystem

Spark SQL + DataFrames

Structured Data: Spark SQL

Many data scientists, analysts, and general business intelligence users rely on interactive SQL queries for exploring data. Spark SQL is a Spark module for structured data processing. It provides a programming abstraction called DataFrames and can also act as distributed SQL query engine. It enables unmodified Hadoop Hive queries to run up to 100x faster on existing deployments and data. It also provides powerful integration with the rest of the Spark ecosystem (e.g., integrating SQL query processing with machine learning).

Streaming

Streaming Analytics: Spark Streaming

Many applications need the ability to process and analyze not only batch data, but also streams of new data in real-time. Running on top of Spark, Spark Streaming enables powerful interactive and analytical applications across both streaming and historical data, while inheriting Spark’s ease of use and fault tolerance characteristics. It readily integrates with a wide variety of popular data sources, including HDFS, Flume, Kafka, and Twitter.

MLlib Machine Learning

Machine Learning: MLlib

Machine learning has quickly emerged as a critical piece in mining Big Data for actionable insights. Built on top of Spark, MLlib is a scalable machine learning library that delivers both high-quality algorithms (e.g., multiple iterations to increase accuracy) and blazing speed (up to 100x faster than MapReduce). The library is usable in Java, Scala, and Python as part of Spark applications, so that you can include it in complete workflows.

GraphX Graph Computation

Graph Computation: GraphX

GraphX is a graph computation engine built on top of Spark that enables users to interactively build, transform and reason about graph structured data at scale. It comes complete with a library of common algorithms.

What are the benefits of Spark?

Speed

Engineered from the bottom-up for performance, Spark can be 100x faster than Hadoop for large scale data processing by exploiting in memory computing and other optimizations. Spark is also fast when data is stored on disk, and currently holds the world record for large-scale on-disk sorting.

Ease of Use

Spark has easy-to-use APIs for operating on large datasets. This includes a collection of over 100 operators for transforming data and familiar data frame APIs for manipulating semi-structured data.

A Unified Engine

Spark comes packaged with higher-level libraries, including support for SQL queries, streaming data, machine learning and graph processing. These standard libraries increase developer productivity and can be seamlessly combined to create complex workflows.

Get Spark

The 100% open source Apache Spark project can be downloaded from Apache.
The site also contains installation instructions, video tutorials, and documentation to get you started.